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日本呼吸器学会英文誌 Respiratory Investigation
日本呼吸器学会誌 増刊号 学術講演会プログラム 抄録集

Abstract

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Article in Japanese

Topics Series Infectious Disease: Pneumonia

Does the epidemiology of pneumonia tell the truth?: The mortality of pneumonia will indicate the future of the chest physicians

Makoto Mikia  Akira Watanabeb 

aDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Japanese Red Cross Sendai Hospital
bResearch Division for Development of Anti-infective Agents, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University

ABSTRACT

Pneumonia is the 3rd leading cause of death in Japan according to the statistics of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Although the mortality of pneumonia is increasing exponentially in people aged 75 and older, this is attributed to the aging of the social population Actually the age-standardized annual death from pneumonia per 100,000 inhabitants is decreasing. Furthermore the age-sex-standardized mortality of Japan is as good as other advanced nations, according to data of the World Health Organization (WHO), or less than 100 per 100,000 inhabitants. Addressing environmental factors and encouraging good hygiene, the system of the public health insurance for the whole nation, and the appropriate antimicrobial treatment by the chest physicians might reduce the number of persons who suffer from pneumonia. Although the number of medical treatment recipients in outpatients is stable, the number of pneumonia inpatients is increasing. The chest physicians will continue to play important roles in the future.

KEYWORDS

Pneumonia  Statistics  Epidemiology  Mortality 

AJRS, 2(6): 663-671, 2013

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